Sunday, September 30, 2012

September 24-30, 2012 Batters who totaled 100 major league home runs during the 19th century

Q.         Who hit .440 in a major league season?
Hint:     Seriously, he hit .440.
Hint:     Four additional batters hit over .400 that year.
Hint:     No fluke that.  He hit over .350 the year before and the year after.
Twint:    He ended with a career .300+ average in four different major leagues.
A.         Hugh Duffy (.440 in 1894; .363 in 1893, .353 in 1895;.326 in 14 years in the National League, .336 in a year in the American Association, .320 in the Players League’s only season, & .302 in the American League’s inaugural season)
FCR      J.R. Richardson, Clarksville, MD

Q.         Who was the first National League player with 200 hits in a season?
Hint:     He did it in only 127 games.
Hint:     He once hit 165 RBI in a season where he only played 119 games.
Twint:    He established a record of hitting two bases-loaded triples in one game against Indianapolis, a mark that has been tied but not broken.
Twint:    His great-grandfather served under Washington in the Revolutionary War.
A.         Sam Thompson (203 H in 1887 [N.B. Tip O’Neill hit 225 in 124 G in the AA the same year.]; 165 RBI in 1895; Colonel William Washington, George Washington's nephew)
FCR -    John Rickert, South Bend, IN

Q.         Which Hall of Famer had the highest OPS+ of any 19th century player?
Hint:     He was the first (THIRD, actually) player to win back-to-back batting titles?
Hint:     In fact, he won league batting titles while playing for four different teams.
Hint:     "[He] really was a great hitter, one of the most powerful batters of all time. . . I don't think I ever saw a stronger hitter." — John McGraw
Twint:    Two years before he came to the majors, he accidentally killed catcher Johnny Quigley in a collision at home plate.
A.         Dan Brouthers (Batting titles w/Buffalo Bisons, NL 1882 [.382], 1883 [.374], Boston Beaneaters, NL 1889 [.373], Boston Reds, AA 1891 [.350]), Brooklyn Superbas, NL 1892 [.335]; Quigley accident 07-Jul-1877)
FCR -    Blake Sherry, Dublin, OH

Q.         According to a long-standing legend, from what player did the Giants derive their name?
Hint:     He was the first to hit a home run completely out of the Polo Grounds.
Hint:     He hit it off a Hall of Famer, the premier pitcher of his day.
Twint:    Five years earlier, almost to the day, he was the first to win a game with a grand slam with two out in the bottom of the ninth inning.
Twint:    After baseball, he became a school inspector in the town where he was born.
Twint:    He won the 1893 "Popular Player" competition held in New York City, receiving a gold watch and charm he treasured until his death nearly 40 years later.
A.         Roger Connor (New York Gothams became the Giants  in 1885 because of Connor at 6’3” & 220 lbs. as well as other players; HR 11-Sep-1886 off Charley Radbourn; GS 10‑Sep‑1881; Waterbury, CT
FCR -    Mark DeLodovico, Rockville, MD

Q.         Who is the only player to lead his league in home runs and triples in his rookie season?
Hint:     He changed his name so his mother would not see his name in box scores.
Hint:     Only he, Babe Ruth and Barry Bonds have held the career as well as the single-season home run records.
Twint:    Many baseball historians maintain that he is the best player not yet in the Hall of Fame.
A.         Harry Stovey (1880 14 3b, 6 HR; Ne “Stowe”.  Mom was embarrassed that he was a baseball player. [John Rickert made the very sensible point that the person who hit the first ever major league home run, Ezra Sutton , was at that moment the career and season record holder.  To insure his standing, he hit a second one in the same game 04‑May‑1871.  Several readers pointed out that and Charley Jones also deserves that distinction, not to mention the 3 tied at the end of the 1st MLB season, 1871:  Lip Pike, Fred Treacey & Levi Meyerle.]  HOF potential)
FCR -    Barry Zamoff, Washington, DC

Q.         Who is the only pitcher to hit for the cycle?
Hint:     He also did it as a position player.
Hint:     He received the first recorded intentional bases on balls.
Hint:     He played for three Chicago National League teams with three different names without ever playing for the Cubs.
Hint:     In separate incidents, he slugged two reporters and a train conductor.  (Those were probably not the only such incidents.)
Twint:    After his career, he wrote (probably) an article stating, "Baseball is not a permanent business. Look in the newspapers and you will see that a baseball player 35 years of age is considered an old man."
A.         Jimmy Ryan (Cycle as P 28-Jul-1888; Cycle as fielder 01-Jul-1891; IBB 1896 from Jouett Meekin; White Stockings 1885-89, Colts 1890-97, Orphans 1898-1900 [The team has been the Cubs since 1903.])
FCR -    Paul Hirsch, Danville, CA

Hint:     Who tied the major league record for errors in a game and then, a month later, tied the major league record for most runs in a game?
Hint:     It was during his rookie season.
Hint:     He played thirteen straight years for the New York Giants but never played under John McGraw.
Hint:     Once, with major league games being played on adjacent fields, he hit a game-winning, 13th-inning home run that landed in the middle of the Players League game.
Hint:     Cranks at both games cheered him on.
Twint:    He is the Giants’ franchise career leader in triples and stolen bases.
Twint:    "In the early days of the Giants the name of (his) was on the lips of every baseball fan, and to this day the old-timers talk about the long drives which Silent Mike used to make in Harlem." - from his obituary in the New York Times
A.         Mike Tiernan (162 3b, 428 SB; 5 E 16-May-1887, 6 R 16-Jun-1887; HR 12-May-1890 off Kid Nichols)
FCR -    Rick Fink, Lefty Fink’s better son*, Edison, NJ

*At least that’s the word on the street.

WEEKLY THEME – Batters who totaled 100 major league home runs during the 19th century

Brouthers          106
Connor             138
Duffy                102
Ryan                 100
Stovey              122
Thompson        127
Tiernan              106

First Correct Respondent to Identify Theme – Joe Ullian, Santa Barbara, CA

Horsehide Trivia blog has the questions and answers from this week as well as from previous weeks:

Sunday, September 23, 2012

September 17-23, 2012 Active Tweeters who debuted in 2012

Q.         Who is the only Rangers pitcher with 200 strikeouts this season?
Hint:     During his first spring training he was caught smoking and gambling, both illegal due to his age.
Hint:     He was named to the All-Star team this year, but did not appear.
Hint:     He was named Asia Series MVP in 2006.
Twint:    His father played college soccer for Eckerd College.
A.         Yu Darvish (205K)
FCR -    Mark Kanter, Portsmouth, RI

Q.         Whom did the Red Sox call up when Kevin Youkilis went on the Disabled List with a back injury in 2012?
Hint:     He filled in admirably, leading to Youk’s trade to Chicago.
Twint:    His first Major League home run was a game-tying grand slam over the Green Monster.
A.         Will Middlebrooks (HR 06-May-2012)
FCR -    Michael Daponde, Sacramento

Q.         With Chase Utley injured, whom did the Phillies turn to as their starting second baseman on Opening Day 2012?
Hint:     In June he tested positive for a banned steroid, earning a 50 game suspension.
Twint:    He was given the 2011 Paul Owens Award as the best position player in the Phillies’ minor league system.
A.         Freddy Galvis
FCR -    Greg Gosselin, Arlington, VA

Q.         Who was the first native of Canada’s Province of Quebec chosen in the first round of the Major League draft?
Hint:     As a minor leaguer he was traded for Cliff Lee.
Twint:    He pitched for Team Canada in the 2006 World Jr. Championship, 2007 World Cup & 2009 WBC.
Twint:    During his lone WBC appearance he escaped a bases-loaded jam by retiring Kevin Youkilis, Curtis Granderson & David Wright in order.
A.         Phillippe Aumont (11th overall pick in the 2007 draft; traded [with J.C. Ramirez and Tyson Gilles] for Lee 16-Dec-2009)
FCR -    Frank Workman, Lake Forest Park, WA

Q.         Whose first Major League hit, after an 0-6 start, was a game-winning 3-run home run against Jonathan Papelbon on 07-May?
Hint:     With that homer he became the first player whose first major league hit was a home run off of a pitcher with over 200 career saves.
Twint:    His iron glove caused the Mets to move him from second base to the outfield at the start of the season.
A.         Jordany Valdespin
FCR -    Leanne Rohrbach, Minnapolis, MN

Q.         Who was the first player called up under the 24-hour taxi squad roster extension included in the 2011 Collective Bargaining Agreement?
Hint:     After Dennis Tankersley in 2002, he was the next pitcher to get his first major league win and hit his first major league home run on the same day.
Hint:     The Pirates claimed him off waivers after the 2011 season, then waived him days later when they signed Erik Bedard.
Hint:     He was twice drafted by the Mets, but did not sign either time.
Twint:    He was the Padres’ Minor League Pitcher of the Year in 2008.
A.         Jeremy Hefner (CBA; taxi squad 23-Apr-2012; W & HR 29-May-2012; picked up by PIT 18‑Nov‑2011, waived by PIT 09-Dec-2011; drafted by NYN 2004 [46th round] & 2005 [48th round])
FCR -    Mike McCroskey, Sugar Land, TX

Q.         What pitcher was the key to the trade bringing Adrian Gonzalez to Boston?
Hint:     He got a hit in his first game in the majors and got his second one last (Friday) night.
Hint:     Upon completion of the Boston trade, he immediately became the top player in the Padres’ minor league system.
Hint:     He gave up a football scholarship at University of Tennessee to sign with the Red Sox.
Hint:     Even though he was only the 30th overall pick, he received a $3M signing bonus.
Twint:    His father is a former major league catcher.
A.         Casey Kelly (traded BOS-to-SDN 06-Dec-2010; 1st H 27-Aug-2012; 2nd H 21‑Sep‑2012; Drafted & signed by BOS 2008; son of Pat Kelly)
FCR -    Mark Kanter, Portsmouth, RI

Q.         Who was the first UCLA player to be named Collegiate Baseball Player of the Year by Collegiate Baseball magazine?
Hint:     He holds the school record for most career innings pitched, wins and strikeouts.
Hint:     He struck out seventeen batters in his first nine professional innings pitched.
Twint:    He was the first player from the 2011 draft class to make his major league debut.
A.         Trevor Bauer (CBPoY 2011; 373.3 IP, 34 W, 460 K; debut 28-Jun-2012)
FCR -    Mitchell Below, Oakland

Q.         Who was the top-ranked Diamondbacks prospect in the 2011 Baseball America mid-season prospect rankings?
Hint:     He was the player to be named later in the trade that brought Dan Haren to the Angels.
Twint:    He was named Diamondbacks Minor League Pitcher of the Year in 2011.
A.         Tyler Skaggs (19th-ranked prospect)
FCR -    Jeff Fink, Howell, NJ son of Lefty Fink

Q.         Which minor leaguer was traded straight-up for Orlando Cabrera at the 2011 trading deadline?
Hint:     He was a draft-and-follow pick in 2005, signing in 2006 for $220K.
Hint:     He missed all but 10 games of the 2007 season when he dislocated his throwing shoulder, requiring reconstructive surgery.
Twint:    In 2009 he was named the best outfield arm and best hitting prospect in the California League.
A.         Thomas Neal (traded for Cabrera 30-Jul-2011)
FCR -    Paul Rupright, Cleveland

WEEKLY THEME – Active Tweeters who debuted in 2012

Aumont             @P_Aumont17
Bauer                @BauerOutage
Darvish             @FaridYu
Galvis               @Tooc13FG
Hefner              @JeremyHefner17
Kelly                 @IamCaseyKelly
Middlebrooks    @16WMBrooks
Neal                  @TdaddyNeal
Skaggs             @TylerSkaggs23
Valdespin         @Jordany023

First Correct Respondent to Identify Theme – No one

Horsehide Trivia blog has the questions and answers from this week as well as from previous weeks:

Sunday, September 16, 2012

September 10-16, 2012 Last active players of a franchise after relocation

N.B.  This week’s questions, hints and theme come to us from Mark Pattison, resident of the nation’s capital.  (No, not Ottawa.)
Q.         Who was “The Killer”?
Hint:     He was the first player to clear the left-field roof at Tiger Stadium.
Twint:    He was an All-Star at three different positions.
A.         Harmon Killebrew (Tiger Stadium HR:  03-Aug-1962 off Jim Bunning; ASS pos. 1b, 3b, OF)
FCR -    Arieh Siegal, Austin, TX

Q.         Disney’s famous VW was adorned with a certain number because it was the uniform number of which player?
Hint:     A fellow Hall of Famer once said of his preferred approach when at the plate against him, “Hit him before he hits you.”
Twint:    One of his high school baseball teammates was actor Robert Redford.
A.         Don Drysdale (“Herbie” of The Love Bug, 53; Quote from Orlando Cepeda; Van Nuys HS)
FCR -    Jim Casey, Savannah, GA

Q.         Which Hall of Famer was the first rookie to hit three home runs in one game?
Hint:     He is one of only a handful of Hall of Famers to retire as a World Series champion.
Twint:    His on-field, in-game fight with Frank Robinson was noted for its mano-a-mano viciousness.
A.         Eddie Mathews (3 HR 27-Sep-1952; HOF ret. WS champs: Joe DiMaggio, Johnny Mize; Fight w/Robinson 15-Aug-1960)
FCR -    Bill Garrod, Edgewood, WA

Q.         What pitcher won 318 major league games primarily as a knuckleball artist?
Hint:     He is the only pitcher to hurl a shutout for his 300th big-league win.
Twint:    He gave up the only homer that his brother, also a knuckleball specialist, ever hit in the majors.
A.         Phil Niekro (ShO 06-Oct-1985; HR to Joe 29-May-1976)
FCR -    Steven Young, Middletown, MD

Q.         Who succeeded Bobby Thomson in centerfield?
Hint:     Many believe he might have broken Babe Ruth’s career home run record were it not for the conditions in the ballpark he called home over 12 seasons.
Twint:    In the 1960s he made a TV public service announcement warning kids against blasting caps. “Remember now, don’t touch them.”
A.         Willie Mays (Candlestick Park 1960-72; PSA)
FCR -    Fred Brillhart, Mechanicsburg, PA

Q.         Who was the first of the tandem who hit back-to-back inside-the-park homers in an American League game?
Hint:     He once played an entire doubleheader at shortstop without a single fielding chance.
Twint:    He can be considered the best palindromic position player in big-league history. (Yes, better than Robb Nen.)
A.         Toby Harrah (Consec. IPHRS w/Bump Wills off Mike Torrez, 27-Aug-1977 off the Yankees’ Mike Torrez [Done in the NL 23‑Jun‑1946 by Marv Rickert and Eddie Waitkus both off Nate Andrews, Thanks to Blake Sherry for that one.] ; Double-header: 25-Jun-1976a & 25-Jun-1976b; Palindrome)
FCR -    Bill Carle, Lee’s Summit, MO

Q.         Who captained his team to five consecutive division titles?
Hint:     His kid brother also played in the majors and though their careers were of sixteen and nine years respectively, they only overlapped by 53 days.
Twint:    He is now the CEO of Middleton Doll Co., makers of hand-painted collectible dolls.
A.         Sal Bando (Oakland, 1971-75; Overlap with Chris 13-Aug through 03-Oct-1981; Middleton)
FCR -    Arieh Siegal, Austin, TX

Q.         What nephew of All-Star Larry Bowa is on a team with two other players with his same last name?
Hint:     He was selected 3rd in the 1996 draft by the Yankees, right after they took Eric Milton and Jason Coble.
Twint:    His on-base percentage is in the top ten among active players.
A.         Nick Johnson (Bowa, 2012 Orioles: Steve Johnson, Jim Johnson; Milton, Coble; .3989 OBA)
FCR -    Bob Kimball, Washington, DC

Q.         Who was the first player to lead each existing major league in triples?
Hint:     His record of 27 triples as a rookie has stood for over a century.
Twint:    He should not be confused with the manager of the same name who concluded his managerial career more than a decade before our mystery man’s playing career began.
Twint:    He should also not be confused with the manager of the same name who seemed to be missing an “m”.
A.         Jimmy Williams (Pittsburgh, NL, 1899, 28; Baltimore, AL, 1901-02, 21 each year; Mgr. Jimmy Williams; Jimy Williams; )
FCR -    Bill Garrod, Edgewood, WA

Q.         Who twice in a three-week period spoiled the Indians’ Mike Garcia’s no-hit bids?
Hint:     He was his team’s lone representative in the 1957 All-Star Game.
Hint:     It was the only All-Star selection in his eleven-year career and he never got in the game.
Twint:    It was inevitable that he got caught up in the A’s-Yankees trade winds of the late 1950s.
A.         Joe DeMaestri (Garcia’s one-hitters: 16-May- & 05-Jun-1954; ’57 Kansas City A’s; Trade 11‑Dec‑1959: Traded by Kansas City with Kent Hadley and Roger Maris to New York for Hank Bauer, Don Larsen, Norm Siebern and Marv Throneberry)
FCR -    Wayne McCombs, Claremore, OK

Q.         Who is part of the only father-son set who respectively led their major league in losses in a season?
Hint:     He is the only starting pitcher in major league history to have a 3-foot-7-inch tall teammate.
Twint:    He is one of only six major leaguers with the middle name Xavier.
A.         Duane Pillette (Father Herman, 19 L 1923, Duane 14 L 1951; Short teammate the day he started:  Eddie Gaedel on 19-Aug-1951; Middle name w/X: Fran Healy, Francis Healy, Jeff Pfeffer, Carney Flynn, Jimmy Myers)
FCR -    Tom Zocco, Rocky Hill, CT

Q.         Who, with seeming gladness, traded in his birth name of Claude for the moniker he was known by throughout his professional career?
Hint:     After he retired, he earned a degree from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, only the second ex-big leaguer ever to do so.
Twint:    He made his major league debut as a third baseman.
Twint:    In a dozen subsequent seasons after a position shift, he never bettered his third base fielding percentage, but equaled it three times.
A.         Skip Lockwood (Ret. 1980, MIT 1983, Art Merewether, 1925; Fldg % @ 3b 1.000)
FCR -    Jason Carbone, Newark, DE

Q.         Who led the American League in stolen bases in Ty Cobb’s first full season in the majors?
Hint:     His last at-bat in the majors was the groundout that capped Addie Joss’ perfect game.
Twint:    He should not be confused with the pitcher of the same name in the early 1960s.
Twint:    Nor should he be confused with the 1980 independent presidential candidate nor the 1980s country singer who share the same name.
A.         John Anderson (39 SB in 1906; Joss’s perfecto 02-Oct-1908; John Anderson; John B. Anderson, John D. Anderson)
FCR -    Damian Begley, New York

WEEKLY THEME – Last active players of a franchise after relocation

Anderson     06-Oct-1903      1901 Milwaukee Brewers->St. Louis Browns
Bando          19-Nov-1976      (breaks three-way tie of November 1) free-agency granting with Joe Rudi and Bert Campaneris by virtue of his later signing with a different team)
DeMaestri     11-Dec-1959      1954 Philadelphia->Kansas City A’s
Drysdale      05-Aug-1969      1957 Brooklyn->Los Angeles Dodgers
Harrah          08-Dec-1978      1971 Washington Senators->Texas Rangers
Johnson       31-Jul-2009       2004 Montreal Expos->Washington Nationals
Killebrew      16-Jan-1975      1960 Washington Senators->Minnesota Twins
Lockwood    22-Oct-1973      1969 Seattle Pilots->Milwaukee Brewers
Mathews       31-Dec-1966      1952 Boston->Milwaukee Braves (Was still with team when it transferred from Milwaukee to Atlanta)
Mays            11-May-1972     1957 New York->San Francisco Giants
Niekro          07-Oct-1983      1965 Milwaukee->Atlanta Braves
Pillette          08-Jul-1955       1953 St. Louis Browns->Baltimore Orioles
Williams       11-5-1907          1902 Baltimore Orioles->New York Highlanders->Yankees

First Correct Respondent to Identify Theme – Arieh Siegal, Austin (after the Harrah question)

Horsehide Trivia blog has the questions and answers from this week as well as from previous weeks:

Sunday, September 9, 2012

September 3-9, 2012 Hall of Famers who played for the Phillies, but for fewer than 50 games

Q.         Which Hall of Famer was a Parade Magazine All-American in 1977 as a high school quarterback?
Hint:     He was the first player to have both a 40-home run and a 50-stolen base season during his career.
Hint:     He signed a contract making him the highest-paid player in baseball.
Hint:     He retired two years later, midway through his record-setting deal.
Twint:    His last game at Wrigley Field was also the last game at which Harry Caray sang "Take Me Out to the Ball Game" during the seventh-inning stretch.
Twint:    Last year Baseball America named him Minor League Manager of the Year.
A.         Ryne Sandberg (54 SB in 1985, 40 HR in 1990, other 40/50 players Brady Anderson & Barry Bonds; $28.4M extension signed in Mar-1992; Retired 1994, returned 1996; last Wrigley game 21-Sep-1997, Caray died the following off-season; 2011 BA Mgr of the Year for The Iron Pigs of Lehigh Valley)
FCR -    Ira Kotel, Short Hills, NJ

Q.         Who has more pitching victories than any other black pitcher?
Hint:     He was a star on his high school hockey team.
Hint:     He is the last pitcher to win 25 games in a season yet not win the Cy Young award that year.
Twint:    At no time has he sung for the Black-Eyed Peas or done commercials for Weight Watchers.
A.         Fergie Jenkins (284 W; Chatham Vocational High School; 25 W 1974, AL CYA to Catfish Hunter)
FCR -    Frank DiPrima, Morristown, NJ

Q.         Who extended his single-season RBI record 69 years after he set it?
Hint:     Babe Ruth correctly predicted that this record would outlast his own season home run record.
Hint:     He also held the National League season home run record for 68 years.
Twint:    On his first days in the majors, he wore his Hall of Fame manager’s uniform because there was no other small enough.
Twint:    He had no estate when he passed away and his funeral expenses were donated.
A.         Hack Wilson (191st RBI in 1930 credited in 1999; 56 HR in 1930 passed by Mark McGwire and Sammy Sosa in 1998; John McGraw’s uniform
FCR -    Bill Carle, Lee’s Summit, MO

Q.         Who was the first manager of the Milwaukee Brewers in the American League?
Hint:     He was the first player to win a batting Triple Crown for Boston.
Hint:     His Hall of Fame manager at first mistook him for an aspiring bat boy.
Twint:    Ted Williams said he never wanted to break this player’s single-season batting average record because, “…I like him a lot.”
Twint:    He and his co-heavenly twin both coached at Boston College.
A.         Hugh Duffy (1901 Brewers; TC 1894* Turns out he did NOT win the Triple Crown in 1894.  Thanks to Arieh Siegel for pointing out that Sam Thompson had the RBI llead at 147; Mgr. Cap Anson; Other Heavenly Twin: Tommy McCarthy)
FCR -    Kevin Johnson, Broken Arrow, OK

Q.         Who was the first native of Wisconsin to be inducted into the Hall of Fame?
Hint:     Although he finished 532 of the 562 career games he started, he once stated, resorting to hyperbole, “The biggest strain my arm ever underwent was at the Polo Grounds when I counted 30,000 tickets.”
Hint:     He started the most Opening Days for the Boston Braves.
Twint:    In his obituary, he was quoted as saying that he was proudest of never having been lifted for a reliever.  (It wasn’t true, but, hey, let him have that memory.)
A.         Kid Nichols (HOF 1949)
FCR -    Andrew Milner, Bryn Mawr, PA

Q.         Who was the first non-Caucasian elected to the Hall of Fame?
Hint:     Racist Ty Cobb called him the “…brainiest pitcher I ever saw.”
Hint:     He attended the Carlisle Indian Industrial School, Jim Thorpe’s alma mater.
Hint:     He retired from baseball in 1950 and died four years later, but not before being elected to the Hall of Fame.
Twint:    Connie Mack often used him as a third base coach because of his sign-stealing ability.
A.         Chief Bender (Chippewa [sometimes called “Ojibwa”] Indian, HOF 1953)
FCR -    Jim Casey, Savannah, GA

Q.         Who is credited with developing the hit-and-run play?
Hint:     His record as a pitcher was 0-8 with a 4.99 ERA.
Hint:     Baseball guru Bill James calls him the worst player in the Hall of Fame.
Twint:    As a 55-year-old player-manager, he put himself in as a pinch hitter and got a single.
Twint:    He was, however, thrown out trying for second.
A.         Tommy McCarthy (Single minor league at-bat for the 1913 Newark Bears)
FCR -    Kevin Johnson, Broken Arrow, OK

WEEKLY THEME – Hall of Famers who played for the Phillies, but for fewer than 50 games

Player          Games
Wilson            7
Jenkins           8
Sandberg      13
Nichols          21
McCarthy       26
Duffy            34
Bender          48

First Correct Respondent to Identify ThemeBarry Kramer, Reisterstown, MD

Horsehide Trivia blog has the questions and answers from this week as well as from previous weeks: